Sandal type with long history identified by the simple outsole and normally a Y-shaped strap design. The straps are attached to the outsole where the foot is secured with the strap between a toe.

  • Open, simple design
  • No laces, buckles, velcro
  • Strap by toe post.

History

The first recorded encounter of flip-flops originate from 4000 B.C as part of wall paintings.The oldest known, currently existing, pair is from 1500 B.C and is on display at the British Museum. They are made from papyrus which along with Palm leaves, were the most common materials used for making footwear in Ancient Egypt. In other regions similar constructions were made but with the resources available in locally. The African Masais used raw hides, in India sandals were normally made out of wood where the material of choice in China and Japan was rice straw. Sisal plant leaves were used as base for sandals in South America and in Mexico yucca plant was the main raw material source.

Different regions also had different varieties of which toe the toe strap was used with. The Ancient Greeks wore it between the first and second toes. Romans had the strap between the second and third toes. Mesopotamians wore the strap between the third and fourth toe.

The flip flop as we know it became popular when US soldiers returned from World War 2 and later on also after the Korean was, bringing souveniers from the countries they had been. They slowly got embraced by the american poular culture and with that also redesigned in new colors. They became a popular item in beach side stores due to their ease to take on and off as well as their relative comfort.

In 1962 a brazilian company, Alpargatas S.A., started marketing a version of the flip-flop called Havainans. by 2010 more than 150 million pairs of havainas were produced annualy.

Terminology

Chinelos
Brazil
Vietnamki
Russia
Vietnamki
Ukraina
Japonki
Poland
Djapanki (джапанки)
Bulgaria
Zōri
Japanese version. Detail info under Appearance
Thongs
Australia
Slops
South Africa
Tsinelas
Phillipines
hawai chappal
India/pakistan
dép tông
Vietnam
dép xỏ ngón
Vietnam
Dacas
Somoalia
Sayonares (σαγιονάρες)
Greece
Schlapfen
Austria
Slippers
Hawaii
Slippers
Netherlands
Infradito
Italy
Charlie Wote
Ghana

Category

Sandal

Constructions

Cemented

Other

Material

Flip-Flops can be made from a variety of different materials: rubber, foam, plastic, leather, suede and fabric. The thong can be made from one kind of material and the outsole is made from another.

Appearance

Zōri(草履)

Japanese sandals usually with characteristic squared outsole and thonged. Traditionally made from rice straw or other plant fiber but also possible to find in different kinds of plastic nowadays.

The thong is refered to as hanao(鼻緒) and is generally placed symeterically on each shoe making left and right shoes identical.

Zōri is formally used together with Kimono where level of formality defines which kind of Zōri to use. In Japanese culture it´s common to take on and off shoes in different locations. Tying shoelaces is impractical in a tight kimono but Zōri is quick to slip in and out.

Geta(下駄)

Very similar to Zōri but with a platform outsole with two blocks having contact with the ground. the outsole is traditionally made from wood with the two blocks attached to one solid piece of wood. Originally invented in China and then later brought to Japan.

Okobo(おこぼ)

Japanese platform sandals. Platform generally made from wood giving them a very distinct sound when walking. Started to be used during 18th century by Japanese maiko (apprentice geishas). Usually worn together with kimono where the high platform protects the kimono from touching the ground. The strap color symbolises the progress in becoming a geisha.

Paduka

The Paduka is the oldest for of footwear from India being present in sculptures from 200 B.C. 

The toe post is placed between the big toe and the second toe to fasten your foot.

They are originally made from wood but have been made from many different materials depending on availability and class.

They are today mainly used in Hindu religion